by Massimiliano Fanni Canelles
The religion is always been a key element in the relationship between people. The differences in culture and tradition are attributable to it and also many conflicts have been classified as “religious wars”. Yet, all the great religions base their doctrine on similar texts, defined scriptures: the Bible for Christians, the Talmud for the Jews, the Koran for Muslims, the Sanatana Dharma for the Hindus. The similarities concern the messages they contain: the values ??of peace, mercy, love and respect for others. In the Bible, God shows his horror violence since it divides Cain and Abel. Jesus teaches us to turn the other cheek to sacrifice Himself on the Cross. In the Koran, Muhammad called for defeating the impurities within us. The jihad is, in fact, the inner war that every Muslim to fight to improve. Resulting, then at least ambiguous, if not totally misleading, incitement to war and violence thrown to the faithful over the centuries. The conflicts that have torn the followers of different faiths have not been nothing but manipulation carried out by power-hungry leaders and voted to similar abuse on their own so far as to lead adepts the ultimate sacrifice in the name of God. Encourage the hate by supporting the superiority of one religion and, therefore, of a civilization over another, it was the method used by these unscrupulous men to share awareness and create fanaticism and fundamentalism. Divisions and conflicts that have so far supported the autocratic and dictatorial regimes.
In the time, nothing has changed. Religion has passed the modernization and scientific progress. It remains mobilization tool for developing countries. Influence policy in industrialized countries. Growing importance in international relations. Just think of Al-Qaeda and, more generally, the recent episodes of international terrorism, the bloody conflict between China and Birmania, to protest by Tibetan monks, the religious references in the Bush administration’s foreign policy, the cultural conflicts between the West and immigrant populations. In recent years it has also come under the geographical identification of the classical religions. Islam is spreading in Africa and Europe. To Christianity at the same time loses importance in industrialized countries. Eastern philosophies are taken on many Western societies. The link between religion and belonging to ethnic cultural – is now gone. Although the era of wars of religion may seem confined to a distant past, these changes, evolving, are promoters of new imbalances, social conflicts, intolerance. These can lead to fanaticism and fundamentalism, antechamber of armed terrorism and “holy war” expressions of “revolt against the West” as a revenge of usurpation and prevarication suffered by the colonial political and commercial world of the first to the third. A world that seems to have learned nothing from the experience and attributes of God. A God always exploited and never really heard.
Translated by Martina Delser